Bolivia’s Earth Law

The country is set to be the first nation with legislation granting nature equal rights to human beings.


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The right of life, the right of pure water and clean air, and the right not to be polluted are three of the 11 universal rights given to nature under a new Bolivian law. The Law of Mother Earth, supported by both politicians and social groups, is expected to result in revolutionary new conservation measures in a country that has witnessed numerous negative environmental effects from climate change and the mining of metals and raw materials. “It establishes a new relationship between man and nature, the harmony of which must be preserved as a guarantee of its regeneration,” says Bolivian Vice President Álvaro García Linera in an article by The Guardian.