Mother Jones Publishes A Timeline of Fake Meat

From 19th century peanut burgers to futuristic in-vitro meat, Mother Jones maps out the rise of faux.


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Mother Jones recently published a timeline chronicling the history of fake meat on its website. According to the news source, the Western world’s introduction to faux came in 1896 when a Seventh Day Adventist named John Harvey Kellogg created Nuttose, a “meatless meat” made from peanuts. In 1931, Prime Minister Winston Churchill mentioned harvesting individual animal parts—rather than raising animals as the future of agriculture—in his essay, “Fifty Years Hence.” Then, two years later, Loma Linda Foods became one of the first fake meat vendors to use soy and wheat. During the later half of the 20th century, faux came to fruition as products and companies such as Garden Burger, Quorn, and Tofurky began mass promotion and production. Mother Jones credits Chipotle’s tofu Sofritas as one of the vegan movement’s late crowning achievements, and bookends its timeline with scientists from Eindhoven University in Holland preparing the first lab-grown burger.