Today, the plant-based market is growing rapidly, with vegan nuggets, sausages, burgers, chicken pieces, and more lining supermarket shelves all over the world. But the art of making plant-based ingredients taste like meat isn’t new. In China, people have been eating mock meat for centuries. In fact, Buddhist chefs were likely the first to start making meat alternatives, which they made out of “yuba,” also known as tofu skin or beancurd sheets.

According to the Soy Info Center, these vegetarian Buddhist chefs likely made mock meats by bundling minced pieces of tofu skin together and then wrapping that bundle in a larger piece of tofu skin, before steaming. The resulting taste and texture was similar to animal meat. But tofu skin, which is incredibly versatile and a good source of protein, isn’t an ingredient of the past. It is still enjoyed today, primarily in China, Hong Kong, Japan, and Southeast Asia. More recently, this versatile ingredient even launched at Trader Joe’s. Here’s everything you need to know about tofu skin, from its nutritional value to how to cook with it.

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What is tofu skin?

Despite what the name implies, tofu skin isn’t actually the skin from a block of tofu. But that said, it is a byproduct of tofu-making. Tofu is made from soy milk, which, when boiled, produces a film on the surface. This film is removed, dried, and sold as tofu skin. It has many different names across different cultures, but in Japan and China, it is often labeled as “yuba.” This essentially means “hot water” (yu) and “flat thing” (ba).

Tofu skin nutrition

Because tofu skin is made with soy milk, which is made with soy beans, it is a good source of protein, packing in around 50 grams of protein per 100 grams. Tofu skin is also a source of B vitamins, like vitamin B6 and folate, as well as magnesium and fiber. Plus, it’s low in fat and sodium, too.

How to use tofu skin

Like tofu, tofu skin is known for its ability to soak up flavors, which makes it an incredibly versatile ingredient to cook with. It’s usually sold in sheets (which could also be labeled as bean curd sheets) or sticks and can be used in a variety of different ways. For example, it can add some crispy texture to a salad, be used to wrap dim sum, or be chopped into strips to form a noodle substitute. It’s also still sometimes used to make plant-based meat and can form the basis of mock duck or goose, which is often served in Chinese restaurants as an alternative to the real thing.

Tofu skin recipes

If you’re feeling inspired, it’s time to head out and buy some tofu skin and get crafting in the kitchen. The ingredient is available to buy in some mainstream supermarkets, but you can also buy it online, from retailers like Amazon, as well as your local Asian grocery store. It will likely be sold either dried, fresh, or frozen and which type you need depends on the kind of recipe you’re following.

VegNews.YubaRollsMaggie Zhu

Bamboo Shoot and Mushroom-Stuffed Yuba Rolls

Yuba rolls are a classic dim sum dish often enjoyed with a cup of tea. For a dim sum experience at home, recreate this go-to with yuba sheets, carrots, bamboo shoots, and shiitake mushrooms. Simply prepare your bamboo and mushroom filling, roll up your yuba rolls, and pan fry. Pair with your favorite tea and enjoy.

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VegNews.whatistofuskin-1The Edgy Veg

2 Vegan Fried Chicken

If you’re craving crispy fried chicken, you can get a similar experience from using tofu skin. This recipe calls for dried beancurd sticks and vegan poultry seasoning (to get that authentic chicken-like flavor). There are a few fiddly steps to this recipe (which requires the use of a deep fryer but an air fryer also works), but when you’re finished, you won’t believe the result: crispy, tasty, KFC-esque fried chicken. Only without the actual chicken part.
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VegNews.whatistofuskin-2The Woks of Life

3 Chinese Vegetarian Duck

If you want to keep things traditional, use layers of fresh tofu skin to make a delicious, mock duck. This recipe also calls for mushrooms, bamboo shoots, and carrots, which are layered between the sheets of tofu skin, and help to keep everything moist while also adding a burst of flavor.
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VegNews.whatistofuskin-3Okonomi Kitchen

4 Katsu

Craving a katsu curry? For this vegan katsu recipe, you’ll need frozen tofu skin, which is marinated in soy sauce, garlic, and vegan bouillon powder, before it is covered in panko breadcrumbs and layered up to create a chicken-like texture. If you don’t have a deep fryer, you can also shallow fry it to get that crispy, golden brown look and texture.
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5 Dim Sum Rolls

Deliciously crunchy and crispy, frozen tofu skin (which will have to be rehydrated before you get started) provides the perfect casing for these Cantonese dim sum rolls. You can choose whatever filling you desire, but this recipe calls for shredded carrot, bamboo shoots, and dried shiitake mushrooms, which are all bound together with the help of tofu.
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VegNews.whatistofuskin-5The Woks of Life

6 Stir Fried Bok Choy

This simple stir fry doesn’t skip out on the flavor. All you need is a touch of ginger, garlic, some bok choy (a type of Chinese cabbage), and sesame oil, as well as salt, sugar, white pepper, and cornstarch. Essentially, it’s a handful of ingredients fried together to create a quick, tasty, nutritious meal, perfect for those busy weekday nights.
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VegNews.whatistofuskin-6The Devil Wears Salad

7 Spicy Chinese Salad

One of the most underrated meal options, salads are versatile, nutritious, and often pretty simple to throw together too. But if you’re stuck in a salad rut, and you’re bored of your go-to ingredients, this recipe provides a good kick of spice thanks to the black vinegar chili dressing, which is all soaked up by the shredded tofu skin.
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VegNews.whatistofuskin-8The Foodie Takes Flight

8 Hainanese ‘Chicken’ Rice

Hainanese chicken rice hails from the province of Hainan, in Southern China, but today, it’s enjoyed by people all over the country, as well as those in Singapore and Southeast Asia. Usually, it includes poached chicken which is served with rice (cooked in ginger, onions, and garlic), cucumber, and chili sauce. But instead of chicken, this variation relies on tofu (or you can use vegan meat). This is then wrapped in dried tofu skin, which helps to provide a similar look and texture to real chicken skin.
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